Carefully managing growth and development is critical to maintaining the City of Carlsbad’s excellent quality of life. In 1986, the Carlsbad City Council passed a growth management ordinance, which put conditions on how growth could occur, including requiring development pays its own way. That November, Carlsbad voters passed Proposition E, which affirmed the principles of the Growth Management Program and established caps on the number of housing units that could be built in Carlsbad.
Under the Growth Management Program, development can only occur when certain quality of life standards are met. Called "performance standards," these include:
City administrative facilities
Fire response times
Sewer collection system
Provided by other agencies:
Water service/emergency water storage
The future maximum size of the city under the Growth Management Program is established by limiting housing to 54,599 dwelling units. When individual projects use fewer than allocated by the General Plan, these units are held on account in the Excess Dwelling Unit Bank, and later could be withdrawn and applied to another project (see Council Policy 43).
The state of California requires that all cities and counties adequately plan to meet the housing needs of everyone in the community. Every eight years, the state determines what those housing needs will be and works with regions to allocate the number of housing units required in each justification. In the coming years, state mandated housing goals could conflict with voter approved housing limits in Carlsbad.
The city's General Plan establishes the level of future commercial and industrial development.
City Facilities Standards
To plan for facilities to match future demand, the city uses a three-phase approach:
Development is reviewed for compliance with the Citywide Plan and the appropriate Local Facility Management Plan. Special conditions, phasing and other requirements may apply.
The City Council created the following performance standards through adoption of the Citywide Facilities and Improvements Plan (created on Sept. 16, 1986, and amended on April 22, 1997). These standards are real standards, not simply goals or aspirations. Development cannot proceed unless the standards are met.
Facilities Provided by City of Carlsbad
City administrative facilities – 1,500 sq. ft. per 1,000 population must be scheduled for construction within a five-year period or prior to construction of 6,250 dwelling units, beginning at the time the need is first identified.
Libraries – 800 sq. ft. per 1,000 population must be scheduled for construction within a five-year period or prior to construction of 6,250 dwelling units, beginning at the time the need is first identified.
Parks – 3.0 acres of community park or special use area per 1,000 population within the park district ¹ must be scheduled for construction within a five-year period or prior beginning at the time the need is first identified. The five year period shall not commence prior to August 22, 2017.
Drainage – Drainage facilities must be provided as required by the city concurrent with development.
Circulation – Implement a comprehensive livable streets network that serves all users of the system – vehicles, pedestrians, bicycles and public transit. Maintain LOS D or better for all prioritized modes of travel, as identified in the General Plan Mobility Element, excluding LOS exempt intersections and streets approved by the City Council.
Fire response – No more than 1,500 dwelling units outside of a five-minute response time.
Open space – Fifteen percent of the total land area in the zone exclusive of environmentally constrained non-developable land must be set aside for permanent open space and must be available concurrent with development.
Sewer collection system – Trunk line capacity to meet demand as determined by the appropriate sewer district must be provided concurrent with development.
Facilities Provided by Other Agencies
Schools – School capacity to meet projected enrollment within the zone as determined by the appropriate school district must be provided prior to projected occupancy ². The city is served by four school districts: In addition to Carlsbad Unified, parts of S.E. Quadrant are served by San Marcos Unified, San Dieguito Union High School, and Encinitas Union Elementary districts.
Water distribution system – Line capacity to meet demand as determined by the appropriate water district must be provided concurrent with development. A minimum of 10-day average storage capacity must be provided prior to any development. The Leucadia Wastewater District and San Marcos County Water District serve portions of the S.E. Quadrant and have their own emergency water storage standards.
Wastewater treatment – Sewer plan capacity is adequate for at least a five-year period. Treatment is provided by the Encina Wastewater Control Facility.
"park district" = "quadrant". There are four park districts within the city, corresponding to the four quadrants.
In 1999 statewide Proposition 1a limited developer participation in school construction to payment of fees on a per-square-foot basis for new homes, as established by a state fee schedule.